- What is Augustine’s argument for the existence of God?
- Is God all good?
- Can God be evil?
- What is the cause of evil?
- What makes an act good or bad?
- Does God give us choices?
- Where does the concept of evil come from?
- Can good exist without evil?
- Can a person be evil?
- Is God willing to prevent evil?
- Do humans have free will?
- Does God control everything?
- Who invented the problem of evil?
- Are there degrees of evil?
- What is a good life philosophy?
- What is an example of natural evil?
- Can God and evil coexist?
- Why does evil and suffering exist?
- What are the 3 types of evil?
- Why does God give us free will?
- Can the problem of evil be solved?
What is Augustine’s argument for the existence of God?
The Augustinian theodicy asserts that God created the world ex nihilo (out of nothing), but maintains that God did not create evil and is not responsible for its occurrence.
Evil is not attributed existence in its own right, but is described as the privation of good – the corruption of God’s good creation..
Is God all good?
Historically the standard conception of God is of a being omnibenevolent (all good). Presumably this means that God is morally all good. So whatever moral evils exist in the world must come from humans. Natural evils are bad things that occur due to natural events.
Can God be evil?
If it is necessarily true that God is omnibenevolent, then it is not possible that God wills to do evil. If it is not possible that God wills to do evil, then God is not praiseworthy. But God is praiseworthy; hence, it is not necessarily true that God is omnibenevolent.
What is the cause of evil?
Evil is a cause of human suffering. There are two types of evil: moral evil – the acts of humans which are considered to be morally wrong. natural evil – natural disasters, such as earthquakes or tsunamis.
What makes an act good or bad?
1), an act is called good because it has the right sort of perfection of goodness, and an act is called bad because it lacks something of this goodness. But it is necessary for every act either (a) to have the entire fullness of its goodness or (b) to lack something of the entire fullness of its goodness.
Does God give us choices?
God gives us the free choice and free will to live our lives the way we desire. That gift of freedom is the greatest gift that he can give. God wants us to choose, because we love him and want to obey him, to make our decisions within the overall blueprint of his will.
Where does the concept of evil come from?
Christian Science believes that evil arises from a misunderstanding of the goodness of nature, which is understood as being inherently perfect if viewed from the correct (spiritual) perspective. Misunderstanding God’s reality leads to incorrect choices, which are termed evil.
Can good exist without evil?
On the other hand, the good can exist without evil. For a man or an angel could exist and yet not be wicked, whereas there cannot be wickedness except in a man or an angel. It is good to be a man, good to be an angel; but evil to be wicked.
Can a person be evil?
To be truly evil, someone must have sought to do harm by planning to commit some morally wrong action with no prompting from others (whether this person successfully executes his or her plan is beside the point).
Is God willing to prevent evil?
One of the earliest uses of the trilemma formulation is that of the Greek philosopher Epicurus, rejecting the idea of an omnipotent and omnibenevolent god (as summarised by David Hume): If God is unable to prevent evil, then he is not all-powerful. If God is not willing to prevent evil, then he is not all-good.
Do humans have free will?
At least since the Enlightenment, in the 18th century, one of the most central questions of human existence has been whether we have free will. In the late 20th century, some thought neuroscience had settled the question. However, as it has recently become clear, such was not the case.
Does God control everything?
The Bible teaches that God’s sovereignty is an essential aspect of who he is, that he has supreme authority and absolute power over all things. And yes he is very much active, despite our perplexity. Scripture says, God works “all things according to the counsel of his will” (Ephesians 1:11).
Who invented the problem of evil?
LeibnizLeibniz sought to solve the problem of evil by showing that the existing world is consistent with an omnipotent and perfectly benevolent God. He did so in two ways: 1) Leibniz points out that an omnipotent God will be concerned with creating an actual world, not an imaginary one.
Are there degrees of evil?
That doesn’t mean “evil” is a useless term. … There is evil and there is evil—the word has hierarchies and degrees—distinctions to be drawn and commonalities to be sought, when making comparisons between Hitler and bin Laden, for instance.
What is a good life philosophy?
The Good Life or Good Life may refer to: Eudaimonia, a philosophical term for the life that one would like to live, originally associated with Aristotle.
What is an example of natural evil?
Nature of natural evil Examples include cancer, birth defects, tornadoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and other phenomena which inflict suffering with apparently no accompanying mitigating good. Such phenomena inflict “evil” on victims with no perpetrator to blame.
Can God and evil coexist?
In other words, (16) It is not possible for God and evil to co-exist. The logical problem of evil claims that God’s omnipotence, omniscience and supreme goodness would completely rule out the possibility of evil and that the existence of evil would do the same for the existence of a supreme being.
Why does evil and suffering exist?
The existence of evil and suffering is important because it can cause problems for Christians’ belief in God. God is described as all-loving, as stated in Psalms 103:8: The Lord is compassionate and gracious. Some Christians cannot believe that an omnibenevolent God would design a world full of natural evils.
What are the 3 types of evil?
According to Leibniz, there are three forms of evil in the world: moral, physical, and metaphysical.
Why does God give us free will?
This gift comes from God’s eternal essence, and is therefore necessary. God remains free in choosing how to love, but the fact that God loves and therefore gives freedom/agency to others is a necessary part of what it means to be divine.
Can the problem of evil be solved?
If there exists an omnipotent, omnibenevolent and omniscient God, then no evil exists. … If God lacks any one of these qualities—omniscience, omnipotence, or omnibenevolence—then the logical problem of evil can be resolved.