Question: What Events Happened During The Westward Expansion?

Why did the south want slavery to expand to the West?

While the South utilized slavery to sustain its culture and grow cotton on plantations, the North prospered during the Industrial Revolution.

Slavery became even more divisive when it threatened to expand westward because non-slaveholding white settlers did not want to compete with slaveholders in the new territories..

How did the idea of Manifest Destiny speed up westward expansion?

Manifest Destiny is the idea that it was the destiny of the United States to spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. United States lawmakers, enamored with this idea, helped extend the railroad and created incentives to send people west.

How did the Homestead Act encourage westward expansion?

The notion that the United States government should give free land titles to settlers to encourage westward expansion became popular in the 1850s. … The Homestead Act encouraged western migration by providing settlers with 160 acres of land in exchange for a nominal filing fee.

Why did slaves move west?

Pushing Slavery Into New Regions for Farming and Ranching Leaving coastal states in search of farmable land and natural resources, settlers pushed their way west—and once they crossed the Mississippi River—into newly acquired Louisiana and later Texas.

What were 3 effects of westward expansion?

The settlers became successful farmers and built housing and factories. Unfortunately, the Native Americans lost their land and had to live on small reservations. In conclusion, the Westward Expansion led to America becoming a superpower.

What were the effects of Manifest Destiny?

The philosophy drove 19th-century U.S. territorial expansion and was used to justify the forced removal of Native Americans and other groups from their homes. The rapid expansion of the United States intensified the issue of slavery as new states were added to the Union, leading to the outbreak of the Civil War.

What caused the expansion of slavery?

The expansion of slavery into new territories and onto the western frontier became a major issue after the Mexican-American War. Southerners fought to assert their rights while many Northerners wished to prevent the expansion of slave labor into new states.

What are some examples of progress and conflict that arose from westward expansion?

Terms in this set (8)Tecumseh and his confederacy. … Indian Removal Act. … Worcester vs. … Texas Independence. … Trail of Tears. … Mexican-American War. … primary source. … secondary source.

How did westward expansion help the economy?

Land, mining, and improved transportation by rail brought settlers to the American West during the Gilded Age. New agricultural machinery allowed farmers to increase crop yields with less labor, but falling prices and rising expenses left them in debt.

What were the positive effects of westward expansion?

The ample land provides area for business development. The West gives you a new beginning in your choices in life! The Native Americans were given proper land supplements by the Westerners. In addition, there were many job opportunities in the West for those Native Americans who sought a more free life.

What were the pros and cons of Westward Expansion?

Terms in this set (10)Pro #1: There was territorial expansion. … Pro #2: It brought more land for farming and improvement. … Pro #3: It was good for trade and industry. … Pro #4: As it doubled the land area of the U.S., it also increased goods, services and wealth. … Pro #5: … Pro #6: … Con #1: … Con #2.More items…

Who was affected by the westward expansion?

United States Westward Expansion Expansion of the United States moved steadily westward from the late 18th to the mid 19th centuries. This territorial movement displaced most of the Native American peoples who lived in those lands for thousands of years before the arrival of European colonists.

What were the lives of slaves like?

In the early 19th century, most enslaved men and women worked on large agricultural plantations as house servants or field hands. Life for enslaved men and women was brutal; they were subject to repression, harsh punishments, and strict racial policing.

Why was westward expansion important?

To Jefferson, westward expansion was the key to the nation’s health: He believed that a republic depended on an independent, virtuous citizenry for its survival, and that independence and virtue went hand in hand with land ownership, especially the ownership of small farms.

What are the 3 parts of Manifest Destiny?

There are three basic themes to manifest destiny: The special virtues of the American people and their institutions. The mission of the United States to redeem and remake the west in the image of the agrarian East. An irresistible destiny to accomplish this essential duty.

How did the government encourage westward expansion during 1844 1877?

How did the government encourage westward migration? Passing new legislation (think Homestead Act) encouraging settlers to move west, government gave land and subsidies to RR companies.

What happened during the westward expansion?

Westward expansion, the 19th-century movement of settlers into the American West, began with the Louisiana Purchase and was fueled by the Gold Rush, the Oregon Trail and a belief in “manifest destiny.”

What were the 5 reasons for westward expansion?

Suggested Teaching InstructionsGold rush and mining opportunities (silver in Nevada)The opportunity to work in the cattle industry; to be a “cowboy”Faster travel to the West by railroad; availability of supplies due to the railroad.The opportunity to own land cheaply under the Homestead Act.More items…

How was slavery and westward expansion connected?

The westward expansion carried slavery down into the Southwest, into Mississippi, Alabama, crossing the Mississippi River into Louisiana. Finally, by the 1840’s, it was pouring into Texas. … So that it was slavery itself which made the progress of civilization possible.

Why was the westward expansion a bad thing?

In the mid-19th century, the quest for control of the West led to the annexation of Texas and the Mexican–American War. … This expansion led to debates about the fate of slavery in the West, increasing tensions between the North and South that ultimately led to the collapse of American democracy and a brutal civil war.

Was the westward expansion good or bad?

Does the good of Westward Expansion outweigh the bad? The good outcomes outweighed the bad. Americans were able to obtain more resources such as land and gold which created more income. It allowed the population to spread out so cities weren’t over populated and opened up more opportunities for jobs.

How did the government encourage westward expansion?

The War and Westward Expansion The Federal government responded with measures (Homestead Act, transcontinental railroad) and military campaigns designed to encourage settlement, solidify Union control of the trans-Mississippi West, and further marginalize the physical and cultural presence of tribes native to the West.