Can A Journalist Be Forced To Reveal Confidential Sources?

Do journalists have the right to protect their sources?

Source protection, sometimes also referred to as source confidentiality or in the U.S.

as the reporter’s privilege, is a right accorded to journalists under the laws of many countries, as well as under international law.

To mitigate these risks, journalists and sources often rely on encrypted messaging..

What laws protect journalists?

Shield lawShield law, in the United States, any law that protects journalists against the compelled disclosure of confidential information, including the identities of their sources, or the forced surrender of unpublished written material collected during news gathering, such as notes.

Can a journalist reveal their source?

JOURNALISTS must protect their confidential sources if the Press is to safeguard the interests of society. … Even so, courts do attempt to force journalists to reveal their sources.

Do the media have a First Amendment privilege to protect their sources?

There is no federally recognized privilege that allows reporters to keep their sources confidential, but the Supreme Court has found that “news gathering is not without First Amendment protections.” … whether there is an alternative source for it, and if relevant, whether a reporter promised confidentiality.

Do journalists have special rights?

The idea behind reporter’s privilege is that journalists have a limited First Amendment right not to be forced to reveal information or confidential news sources in court. … Journalists rely on confidential sources to write stories that deal with matters of legitimate public importance.

What are the sources for a reporter?

Examples of sources include but are not limited to official records, publications or broadcasts, officials in government or business, organizations or corporations, witnesses of crime, accidents or other events, and people involved with or affected by a news event or issue.

Can a reporter refuses to reveal source?

Federal shield statute. … Roughly 30 states have passed statutes, called shield laws, allowing journalists to refuse to disclose or testify about confidential or unpublished information, including the identity of sources. The statutes vary significantly from state to state in the scope of their protections.

What kind of law protects reporters from being forced to reveal their sources?

shield lawA shield law is law that gives reporters protection against being forced to disclose confidential information or sources in state court.

Can journalists break the law?

Even though the journalists are on good ethical ground, they still don’t have a right to violate the law.”